Jun 30, 2015 1300 UTC Day 1 Convective Outlook
Updated: Tue Jun 30 12:58:35 UTC 2015 (20150630 1300Z Day 1 shapefile | 20150630 1300Z Day 1 KML)
Probabilistic to Categorical Outlook Conversion Table
Categorical Graphic
20150630 1300 UTC Day 1 Outlook Graphic
Day 1 Risk Area (sq. mi.) Area Pop. Some Larger Population Centers in Risk Area
SLIGHT 397,692 63,821,710 Phoenix, AZ...Indianapolis, IN...Baltimore, MD...Charlotte, NC...Washington, DC...
MARGINAL 752,580 64,038,393 Philadelphia, PA...Columbus, OH...Memphis, TN...Tucson, AZ...Kansas City, MO...
Probabilistic Tornado Graphic
20150630 1300 UTC Day 1 Tornado Probabilities Graphic
Probability of a tornado within 25 miles of a point.
Hatched Area: 10% or greater probability of EF2 - EF5 tornadoes within 25 miles of a point.
Day 1 Tornado Risk Area (sq. mi.) Area Pop. Some Larger Population Centers in Risk Area
2 % 103,424 21,817,121 Philadelphia, PA...Baltimore, MD...Washington, DC...Richmond, VA...Arlington, VA...
Probabilistic Damaging Wind Graphic
20150630 1300 UTC Day 1 Damaging Wind Probabilities Graphic
Probability of damaging thunderstorm winds or wind gusts of 50 knots or higher within 25 miles of a point.
Hatched Area: 10% of greater probability of wind gusts 65 knots or greater within 25 miles of a point.
Day 1 Wind Risk Area (sq. mi.) Area Pop. Some Larger Population Centers in Risk Area
15 % 391,900 63,899,047 Phoenix, AZ...Indianapolis, IN...Baltimore, MD...Charlotte, NC...Washington, DC...
5 % 734,448 63,012,622 Philadelphia, PA...Columbus, OH...Memphis, TN...Tucson, AZ...Kansas City, MO...
Probabilistic Large Hail Graphic
20150630 1300 UTC Day 1 Large Hail Probabilities Graphic
Probability of hail 1" or larger within 25 miles of a point.
Hatched Area: 10% or greater probability of hail 2" or larger within 25 miles of a point.
Day 1 Hail Risk Area (sq. mi.) Area Pop. Some Larger Population Centers in Risk Area
15 % 81,768 8,468,175 Indianapolis, IN...Cincinnati, OH...Lexington-Fayette, KY...Louisville, KY...Dayton, OH...
5 % 814,268 81,412,032 Phoenix, AZ...Columbus, OH...Memphis, TN...Baltimore, MD...Washington, DC...
   SPC AC 301258

   DAY 1 CONVECTIVE OUTLOOK  
   NWS STORM PREDICTION CENTER NORMAN OK
   0758 AM CDT TUE JUN 30 2015

   VALID 301300Z - 011200Z

   ...THERE IS A SLGT RISK OF SVR TSTMS MUCH OF ERN CONUS...

   ...THERE IS A SLGT RISK OF SVR TSTMS PORTIONS NRN HIGH PLAINS AND
   BLACK HILLS...

   ...THERE IS A SLGT RISK OF SVR TSTMS PORTIONS CENTRAL/SRN AZ...

   ...THERE IS A MRGL RISK OF SVR TSTMS ELSEWHERE FROM ERN CONUS ACROSS
   LOWER MO VALLEY TO NRN PLAINS...

   ...THERE IS A MRGL RISK OF SVR TSTMS ELSEWHERE OVER CENTRAL/SRN
   AZ...

   ...SUMMARY...
   SCATTERED SEVERE STORMS WITH DAMAGING WINDS AND SOME HAIL ARE MOST
   PROBABLE ACROSS THE OHIO VALLEY TO THE DEEP SOUTH AND THE
   MID-ATLANTIC STATES THIS AFTERNOON INTO EARLY EVENING.  AFTERNOON
   THUNDERSTORMS WILL OFFER A DAMAGING-GUST THREAT OVER PARTS OF
   CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN ARIZONA.  LARGE HAIL AND SEVERE WINDS ARE
   EXPECTED WITH A FEW SEVERE STORMS OVER THE NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS AND
   BLACK HILLS IN THE LATE AFTERNOON AND EVENING.

   ...SYNOPSIS...
   POSITIVE PNA PATTERN PERSISTS IN MID/UPPER LEVELS OVER CONUS...AS
   CHARACTERIZED BY MEAN ERN TROUGH AND WRN RIDGE.  EMBEDDED WITHIN
   THIS BASIC REGIME...TWO PAIRS OF SHORTWAVE FEATURES SHOULD BE MOST
   PERTINENT TO DAY-1 SVR POTENTIAL.
   1. CLOSELY SPACED PERTURBATIONS ARE EVIDENT IN MOISTURE-CHANNEL
   IMAGERY OVER OH AND OVER LM.  LEADING FEATURE WILL EJECT NEWD ACROSS
   WRN/NRN NY ROUGHLY ALONG CANADIAN BORDER AND WEAKEN...WHILE LM
   TROUGH PIVOTS SEWD THEN EWD TO WRN NY BY 12Z.
   2. TROUGH NOW PENETRATING LARGE-SCALE RIDGE POSITION OVER SERN
   AB/NWRN MT/SWRN SK AREA WILL TURN SEWD OVER NRN/ERN MT THROUGH AFTN
   THEN ACROSS DAKOTAS OVERNIGHT.  SMALLER/WEAKER PERTURBATION
   IMMEDIATELY PRECEDING THIS ONE OVER SRN SK LIKEWISE SHOULD TURN
   SEWD...REACHING SRN MN AROUND 00Z AND SRN INDIANA BY END OF PERIOD. 
   THIS PAIR OF FEATURES IS RATHER MESSY IN STRUCTURE...AND
   SMALLER-SCALE VORTICITY LOBES MAY BE PRESENT BETWEEN THEM THAT WOULD
   REACH THE LOWER-MID MO VALLEY OVERNIGHT BASED ON EXTRAPOLATION.

   SEPARATE SHORTWAVE TROUGH -- LIKELY INCLUDING CONVECTIVELY
   GENERATED/ENHANCED VORTICITY LOBE -- IS SUPPORTING CONVECTION OVER
   PERMIAN BASIN REGION OF W TX ATTM.  HOWEVER...THIS FEATURE SHOULD
   PASS SWWD OVER NWRN MEX AND REMAIN TOO FAR S TO EXERT SUBSTANTIAL
   INFLUENCE ON AZ AREA.

   AT SFC...OLD/FRONTOLYTIC BAROCLINIC ZONE FROM CAROLINAS TO MID SOUTH
   HAS BEEN OBSCURED FURTHER IN MANY AREAS BY SUCCEEDING CONVECTIVE
   OUTFLOWS.  FARTHER N...WEAK LOWS OVER LM AND LE SHOULD CONSOLIDATE
   TODAY AHEAD OF NRN-STREAM SHORTWAVE TROUGHS...RESULTING IN SOMEWHAT
   BETTER-DEFINED LOW MOVING NEWD OVER SRN ONT MID-LATE PERIOD. 
   TRAILING/WEAK COLD FRONT SHOULD REACH SRN INDIANA AND SRN IL BY
   12Z...BECOMING STATIONARY/WARM FRONT WWD TO ANOTHER WEAK LOW THAT
   SHOULD DEVELOP INVOF SERN WY/NEB PANHANDLE AND MOVE ESEWD ACROSS NRN
   KS.  SFC TROUGHING WILL EXTEND FROM CENTRAL PLAINS LOW NNWWD ACROSS
   WRN SD AND ERN MT.

   EXTENSIVE SWATH OF CENTRAL-ERN CONUS WILL EXPERIENCE AT LEAST
   ISOLATED TO WIDELY SCATTERED TSTMS AND MRGL-SLGT CATEGORICAL SVR
   POTENTIAL TODAY.  THOUGH THESE AREAS HAVE SOME SPATIAL OVERLAP...WE
   WILL TREAT CAUSATIVE REGIMES INDEPENDENTLY BELOW.

   ...SERN CONUS...
   SEVERAL MULTICELLULAR CLUSTERS OF TSTMS ARE ONGOING OVER SRN
   APPALACHIANS AND PORTIONS MS/AL/AR.  ISOLATED STG-SVR GUSTS WILL
   REMAIN POSSIBLE WITH THIS ACTIVITY FOR ANOTHER FEW HOURS DUE TO
   SPORADIC PRODUCTION OF LOCALLY INTENSE/WATER-LOADED DOWNDRAFTS.  REF
   SPC MESOSCALE DISCUSSION 1237 FOR ADDITIONAL/NEAR-TERM GUIDANCE.

   THESE TSTMS...AND/OR ADDITIONAL DEVELOPMENT ALONG THEIR ASSOCIATED
   OUTFLOW/DIFFERENTIAL-HEATING BOUNDARIES...ALONG WITH
   SUBSEQUENT/SEPARATE CONVECTION OVER THIS GENERAL REGION...SHOULD
   INCREASE IN SVR POTENTIAL FROM MIDDAY THROUGH AFTN. AMBIENT BOUNDARY
   LAYER DIABATICALLY DESTABILIZES AMIDST SFC DEW POINTS COMMONLY MID
   60S TO LOW 70S F...AMIDST FAVORABLY STEEP DEEP-TROPOSPHERIC LAPSE
   RATES.  PRECONVECTIVE AIR MASS BY MID-AFTN ACCORDINGLY SHOULD BE
   CHARACTERIZED BY MLCAPE AROUND 3000 J/KG...LOCALLY HIGHER...ATOP
   WELL-MIXED SUBCLOUD LAYER.

   MULTIPLE CLUSTERS OF SCATTERED TO LOCALLY NUMEROUS TSTMS ARE
   EXPECTED IN AGGREGATE OVER THIS REGION BETWEEN NOW AND LATE
   EVENING...CONTRIBUTING TO BROAD AREA OF 15% SVR-WIND RISK...WITH
   LOCALIZED/DENSER CONCENTRATIONS OF SVR REPORTS POSSIBLE. 
   HOWEVER...MESO- AND SMALLER-SCALE PROCESSES DRIVING THOSE
   CONCENTRATIONS REMAIN TOO UNCERTAINLY PLACED TO ASSIGN CORRIDORS OF
   HIGHER UNCONDITIONAL PROBABILITIES ATTM.  ISOLATED LARGE HAIL ALSO
   MAY OCCUR.  SVR THREAT SHOULD BECOME MORE DISPERSED AND MRGL THROUGH
   TONIGHT.

   ...OH VALLEY...
   COMBINATION OF SFC HEATING AND WEAK LARGE-SCALE ASCENT AHEAD OF
   NRN-STREAM PERTURBATIONS WILL DESTABILIZE SUFFICIENTLY MOIST AIR
   MASS ACROSS THIS REGION TODAY...AHEAD OF AFOREMENTIONED SFC COLD
   FRONT.  THIS SHOULD SUPPORT DEVELOPMENT OF SCATTERED TSTMS FROM ERN
   INDIANA TO CENTRAL/SERN IL TODAY...PERHAPS AS EARLY AS LATE MORNING
   BUT EXPANDING/INTENSIFYING EWD ACROSS OUTLOOK AREA THROUGH MUCH OF
   THIS AFTN.  LARGE HAIL AND DAMAGING GUSTS WILL BE MAIN
   CONCERN...FROM MULTICELLULAR CLUSTERS.  TRANSIENT SUPERCELLULAR
   CHARACTERISTICS ALSO MAY BE NOTED AMIDST SMALL AREAS OF 30-35-KT
   EFFECTIVE-SHEAR MAGNITUDES...THOUGH NEARLY UNIDIRECTIONAL DEEP-LAYER
   WIND PROFILES IN MOST AREAS WILL LIMIT TOTAL SHEAR.

   ...MID-ATLANTIC STATES...
   SCATTERED TSTMS IN CLUSTERS AND SMALL BANDS SHOULD DEVELOP TODAY
   WITH OCNL DAMAGING GUSTS POSSIBLE...ALONG WITH ISOLATED/MRGL SVR
   HAIL.  GRADUALLY TIGHTENING HEIGHT GRADIENT ALOFT WILL SUPPORT 30-40
   KT EFFECTIVE-SHEAR MAGNITUDES OVER MUCH OF THIS REGION THIS AFTN IN
   SUPPORT OF STORM ORGANIZATION.  HIGHER LOW-LEVEL MOISTURE CONTENT
   SHOULD REMAIN S OF WEAK/QUASISTATIONARY FRONT EVIDENT OVER
   DELMARVA/ERN VA/CAROLINAS.  RELATIVE MIN IN CONVECTIVE COVERAGE HAS
   BEEN INCONSISTENTLY PROGGED BY SEVERAL OPERATIONAL MODELS AND
   CONVECTION-ALLOWING GUIDANCE SOMEWHERE BETWEEN ERN PA AND CAROLINAS.
    THIS MAY BE REASONABLE CONSIDERING MRGL LAPSE RATES FCST BETWEEN
   NRN AREAS OF COLDER TEMPS ALOFT AND SRN AREAS OF STRONGER
   HEATING/CAPE.  HOWEVER...MESOSCALE UNCERTAINTIES REMAIN TOO GREAT TO
   CARVE RELATIVE MIN OUT OF EXISTING PROBABILITIES ATTM.

   ...NRN GREAT PLAINS/BLACK HILLS...
   WIDELY SCATTERED TSTMS SHOULD FOR THIS AFTN ACROSS WRN/NRN PARTS OF
   THIS REGION...AND PERHAPS HIGHER TERRAIN OF BLACK HILLS AS
   WELL...OFFERING SVR HAIL AND SPORADIC DAMAGING GUSTS.  INCREASING
   LARGE-SCALE LIFT/DESTABILIZATION ALOFT IS EXPECTED FROM NW-SE ACROSS
   THIS REGION TODAY AHEAD OF SHORTWAVE TROUGH...ALONG WITH
   STRENGTHENING MID-UPPER WINDS DUE TO APCH OF RELATED SPEED MAX. 
   HIGH CLOUDS NOW EVIDENT IN IR IMAGERY WILL DELAY/RESTRICT SFC
   DIABATIC HEATING W OF ONGOING PRECIP PLUMES OVER NERN MT/DAKOTAS. 
   HOWEVER...SUFFICIENT INSOLATION SHOULD OCCUR THROUGH CLOUD
   BREAKS/THINNESS...IN CONJUNCTION WITH SFC DEW POINTS 50S TO LOW 60S
   F...TO PRODUCE NARROW SWATH OF 500-1500 J/KG MLCAPE ATOP WEAK CINH
   AND INVERTED-V THERMODYNAMIC PROFILES.

   ALTHOUGH HODOGRAPH CURVATURE IS NOT EXPECTED TO BE VERY LARGE GIVEN
   GEOMETRY OF LOW-LEVEL FLOW...STG SPEED SHEAR WILL CONTRIBUTE TO
   LONG...RATHER STRAIGHT HODOGRAPHS AND AT LEAST SOME SUPERCELL
   POTENTIAL WITH ASSOCIATED ENHANCEMENT TO HAIL RISK.  GIVEN
   WELL-MIXED SUBCLOUD LAYERS...STG-SVR GUSTS MAY OCCUR AS WELL.

   ...CNTRL/SRN AZ...
   WIDELY SCATTERED TSTMS ARE FCST TO DEVELOP ALONG/NE OF MOGOLLON RIM
   THIS AFTN AND GROW IN COVERAGE WHILE SHIFTING WWD TO WSWWD
   TOWARD/OVER LOWER DESERTS.  DAMAGING GUSTS WILL BE PRIMARY CONCERN. 
   MORNING TUS SOUNDING WAS AFFECTED BY EARLIER CONVECTION BUT PHX RAOB
   SHOWED DAILY RECORD PW ABOVE 1.5 INCHES...WITH UPPER 60S/LOW 70S SFC
   DEW POINTS OVER SOME OF THIS AREA.  WHILE MIXING IS EXPECTED
   TODAY...THIS WILL SUPPORT ROBUST INSTABILITY.  CONCERNS ABOUT
   SUFFICIENT COVERAGE STILL LINGER...HOWEVER... PRESENCE OF RICH
   LOW-LEVEL MOISTURE BENEATH 30-40 KT MID-UPPER-LEVEL ELYS IS UNCOMMON
   FOR END OF JUNE AND HEATING SHOULD BE STRONG OVER MUCH OF THIS AREA
   BASED ON IR CLOUD TRENDS.  AS SUCH...PROBABILITIES ARE BEING RAISED
   OVER PORTIONS/CENTRAL AZ.

   ...LOWER MO VALLEY...
   ELEVATED/LOW-LEVEL WAA WILL STRENGTHEN OVERNIGHT AHEAD OF
   SEWD-MOVING/NRN-STREAM PERTURBATIONS.  WITH STEEP MIDLEVEL LAPSE
   RATES AND FAVORABLE DEEP SHEAR PROGGED...ISOLATED LARGE HAIL IS
   POSSIBLE FROM OVERNIGHT TSTMS STREAKING SEWD ACROSS THIS REGION.

   ..EDWARDS/ROGERS.. 06/30/2015

   NOTE: THE NEXT DAY 1 OUTLOOK IS SCHEDULED BY 1630Z